Valea Roşie Natura 2000 site ROSCI0267

It is located in the north-west of Romania, in the north, north-east of Oradea City.
The site was declared in 2011 by order of the Ministry of Environment and Forests no. 2387, amending the Order of the Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development no.1964/2007, regarding the creation of the protected area of sites of Community importance, as part of the European ecological network Natura 2000, in Romania.
ROSCI0267 was declared habitat – Beech forests type Asperulo-Fagetum (9130), very well represented for amphibian and reptile species and 14 plant species from the red list. According to the website section NEPA protected areas of national interest Fâneaţa Valea Roşie Natural Reservation is included in the Valea Roşie Site (code 2162, IUCN category IVb, Area 4 ha).

The site has an area of ​​819 ha, being located administratively in Bihor County. The site territory is distributed in terms of overlap with the administrative territory of municipality overlapped, as follows: Ineu 1%, Oradea <1% Oşorhei <1% Paleu 16%. The main way to access the site is Gheorghe Doja street, witch also borders the site to the east part, southeast and southwest. Site coordinates are: E 22° 0 '54' 'and N 47º 5' 8 ''. The average altitude is 226 m, from minimum158 m to maximum 291 m and, by bio-geographic point of view, it belongs to continental region. The site area area is located between the hills that separate and unify in a harmonious way Crişana Plain and the hilly endings of the Apuseni Mountains – Dealurile de Vest (Western Hills), hills that are part of Oradea Hills. Dealurile de Vest (Western Hills), sometimes referred as Banato-Crişene Hills represents a hill border between Western Carpathians and The West Plain, as a joint plan with a relatively low inclination. Like Genesis, Dealurile de Vest (Western Hills) are former coastal plains of continental piedmontal accumulation, continued onshore with continental accumulation of piedmont type. With the lifting of Western Carpathians and Pannonian Sea sedimentation, sediments were formed in the "high" plains and, then, "hills". Their western limit is the Western Plain, transition being made very slowly, almost imperceptible. Western Hills structure is monoclinic, slightly inclined from east to west. As genetic forms of relief, Western Hills include piedmont areas, aprons, knolls, terraced valleys of the main rivers. The average altitude of Oradea Hills is between 140 and 283 m, in contact with the plain descending to 100-120 m, and in contact with mountain rising up to 400 m and sometimes a little more (450-500 m). From geological point of view, the area belongs to the geological structure of major depression Pannonian Plain, in witch the geological sequence is given by the complex clays and sands pannonian - gray purple over which are set recent sand discordant formations, sand, terrace gravel, alluvial formations of clay-loam, Pleistocene-Holocene age, identified in the performed work. Water-bearing formations appear in the upper part of the Pliocene age, up to about 150-200 meters deep. In the deeper layers of marl limestone formations we meet calcareous marl and sandstones of the Miocene age, and from 1050-1100 m we meet them in the limestone formations of Mesozoic age. Valea Roşie (Red Valley) site was declared a protected area which preserves favorable habitats for amphibians and reptiles: Triturus cristatus, Bombina variegata, Bombina bombina. There are not information about the population size of amphibians for which was declared a site, as shown in standard form,. For each of the four species is mentioned only that the species is present, in the form (P).  

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