Natura 2000 site ROSCI0347 Pajiştea Fegernic
It is located in north-west of Romania, at about 30 km north- east of Oradea City.
The site was declared in 2011, by Ministry of Environment and Forests order no. 2387, amending the Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development Order nr. 1964/2007, regarding creation of protected area of Community importance sites, as part of the European ecological network Natura 2000, in Romania.
ROSCI0347 Site was declared site thanks to habitat – 40A0 Bushes peri-pannonian subcontinent. At the same time, the site is also important for the Pajişti Pannonice steppic loess habitat and for the species: Peucedanum carvifolia, Rosa Gallica, Campanula glomerata, Teucrium chamaedrys, Acer tataricum and Asperula cynanchica. The site has an area of 280 ha, being administratively located in Bihor County. The site territory is located as follows: commune Spinuş 4% and 3% – Sârbi.
The main access roads to the site are the deviations of local interest County Road 191 and 767.
Site coordinates are: E 22° 9 ‘1 “and N 47º 12’ 12”. The average altitude is 171 meters, from minimum 128 meters to maximum 255 m and from the bio-geographic point of view, belong to the continental region. The site is geographically located in the West Hills area. They are located in the western part of the country, hence the name, at the western limit of the Western Carpathians, where they form a hilly rim, with variable height, sometimes fragmented by the entrance of the plain, up near the mountains.
These hills were formed by deposition of coarse material from the edge of the mountain at the end of Neozoic. These materials have been powerful eroded by flowing water action.
The composition talks about the type of relief unit: is a unit from the mountain foothills tilt toward the lowlands (E to V). Elevations decreases from 450 m to 200 m in the west side. The rivers had fragmented the mountain so the current layout is prolonged hills, located discontinuously. River type of relief is well contoured with terraces and wide meadows.
Geological structure contains gravels, sands, clay and lower coal intercalations (lignite, to the north side). Between the rock pores it has been accumulated hydrocarbons reserves, exploited in Barcău area. Dealurile de Vest (Western Hills) enter at the occidental mountain area through golf depressions: Crişul Repede Valley, Vad-Bod depression, on the Crişul Negru Valley, Beiuş Depression, to Crişul Alb Valley, Gurahonţ Depression and Caraşului Valley, Oraviţa Depression, Crişana Hills, bordering Apuseni Mountains with numerous golf depressions.
Pajişstea Fegernic Site was declared a protected area which preserves the two habitats and species mentioned: Peucedanum carvifolia, Rosa Gallica, Campanula glomerata, Teucrium chamaedrys, Acer tataricum and Asperula cynanchica.